The impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on our society is evident. Many reflections in media and in science are based on Hollywood-inspired caricatures of the (near) future of AI. The presentation give a historical review of AI to put things in proper perspective. Subsequently, current developments and applications of AI are contrasted to natural (human) intelligence. Especially, the relation of AI with natural (human) intelligence will be highlighted. The societal implications of the current and expected future technical developments will be discussed. The presentation ends with some practical guidelines on how to deal with AI in science and in society.